Major Groups


Major Groups

Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Chair of the Panel of Eminent Persons on United Nations–Civil Society Relations, and former President of Mexico has said that “the rise of civil society is indeed one of the landmark events of our times”, marking the fact that “global governance is no longer the sole domain of Governments.” There are many examples of civil society organisations acting as the prime movers in securing international will to deal with emerging global threats. The UN Environment Programme has stated “there is no doubt that NGOs have significantly influenced the negotiating and crafting of many multilateral treaties. In the field of the environment, their role in the drafting of the Montreal Protocol, the Biodiversity Convention and the Climate Change Convention cannot be underestimated.” The participation of the civil society is a fundamental element of the multilateral process. It helps to bring transparency to the workings of a complex intergovernmental process, facilitates inputs from geographically diverse sources and from a wide spectrum of expertise and perspectives, improves popular understanding of the issues, and promotes accountability to the societies served. Agenda 21 recognized nine major groups of civil society, namely: Women, Children and Youth, Indigenous people, NGOs, Local Authorities, Workers and Trade Unions, Business and Industry, Scientific and Technological Communities and Farmers.

On these pages, ieg-dossier will report on issues related to:

Local Authorities

Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs)

Trade Unions


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