India-Brazil-South Africa

India, Brazil and South Africa (IBSA) Dialogue Forum is an innovative foreign policy initiative, aimed at promoting the new south-south paradigm of international relations, as well as sharing experiences in terms of national policies and socio-economic development strategies. It is also an opportunity to foster the interchange of visions about global development challenges. The Brasilia Declaration of 6 June 2003 identified wide convergence of interests and challenges, which has stimulated increasing degrees of interaction between India, Brazil and South Africa. The common points in the political, economic and social agenda give us the historical opportunity of sharing experiences in the realm of economic development, particularly in programmes designed to benefit the lower income population, in the area of social equity, with special attention to the most vulnerable groups, as well as in partnerships in programmes of science and technology compatible with the economic and social reality of the developing regions. India, Brazil and South Africa play an important role within their respective regions. These three countries are committed to freedom and decided to promote democratic values both internally and internationally. The fight against poverty and social exclusion are examples of actions of this trilateral forum. The cooperation between these three countries already shows a considerable density, repeatedly seen in multilateral meetings and events worldwide. The IBSA Forum is a concrete example of south-south cooperation.

Joint Declaration of the First IBSA Summit Meeting
Brasilia, 13 September, 2006
The first Summit Meeting of the India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) took place in Brasília on 13 September 2006. At the conclusion of the Summit, the Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, the President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and the President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki adopted a declaration outlined the three country’s views on: political consultation and coordination on global issues; reform of the UN and the UN Security Council; Millennium Development Goals Action Against Hunger and Poverty Initiative; human rights; and sustainable development.

Rio Ministerial Communiqué of the IBSA Dialogue Forum
Brazil, 30 March 2006
The Third Meeting of the Trilateral Commission of the IBSA Dialogue Forum. Took place in Rio de Janeiro on 30 March 2006. The Ministers discussed a wide range of critical global issues and reconfirmed their shared vision and determination to play a constructive role in international affairs and to maintain friendly relations with all countries.

Technical Barriers to Trade
Another issue, as yet falling outside the current realm of international environmental governance discussion, is the relationship between trade and environment, in particular situations where environmental regulations are considered as technical barriers to trade.

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